Hyperpigmentation, Sun Damage & Freckles
Hyperpigmentation, Sun Damage & Freckles – Skin Treatment
Hyperpigmentation is a broad term referring to any skin condition causing discolouration.
When the cells that produce melanin, the pigment that colours your skin, are damaged, it can cause the unnatural lightening or darkening of the skin.
While hyperpigmentation isn’t inherently dangerous, it can be a symptom of a deeper issue. From sun damage to acne scarring, hyperpigmentation can be caused by many different factors.
The major types of hyperpigmentation are melasma, sun damage, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, freckles, and moles.
Melasma differs from standard hyperpigmentation because it is caused by hormonal changes, making it tougher to treat. It normally appears as symmetrical dark patches on the face and is frequently seen in pregnant women.
Sun exposure is one of the main causes of wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots. The ultraviolet light emitted by the sun damages fibres in the skin called elastin. After these fibres break down they lose volume and elasticity, causing the skin to sag, stretch, and tear. Sunspots are also a result of extensive sun exposure over time.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is discolouration that usually follows injury or inflammation of the skin - acne being a common cause.
While freckles and moles might appear similar, there are a few key differences. Freckles form as a result of overproduction of melanin. Moles, on the other hand, form when a cluster of skin cells grow together as opposed to being spread evenly throughout the skin. Moles also tend to be raised and darker in colour. The most crucial difference is that freckles have zero potential for malignant transformation. Moles, while usually harmless, can in fact become cancerous.
Many treatments offered at +Aesthetics can reduce hyperpigmentation and help even skin tone.